Janani Suraksha Yojana, Role and Benefits of Janani Suraksha Yojna
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Janani Suraksha Yojna : Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY) isa scheme that provides basic financial assistance to poor pregnant women to have a child. The objective of this scheme is to reduce maternal and child mortality by promoting institutional delivery. Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY) run under the National Health Mission (NHM). Janani Suraksha Yojana launches by the Hon’ble Prime Minister on 12th April 2005 and implemented in all States and Union Territories with a special focus on Low Performing States (LPS).

The Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY) scheme is an upgraded version of the National Maternity Benefit Scheme (NMBS). National Maternity Benefit Scheme (NMBS) has been replaced by Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY). However, the cash benefits of the National Maternity Benefit Scheme have been subsumed in Janani Suraksha Yojana. NMBS came into force in August 1995. In the year 2001-02, the scheme was transferred from the Ministry of Rural Development to the Department of Health and Family Welfare.

Benefits under Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY)

• JSY scheme helps a poor pregnant woman financially to give birth to a child. • JSY scheme promotes institutional delivery to reduce maternal and infant mortality. • Eligible pregnant women under the JSY scheme get JSY benefits directly in their bank accounts. • A cash facility is also available under the JSY scheme for those who do not have or do not have bank account benefits. • The JSY scheme focuses on both Low Performing States (LPS) and High Performing States (HPS). • The JSY scheme specifically focuses on the Low Performing States (LPS), where the institutional delivery rate is low. • The JSY scheme also provides performance-based incentives to women health volunteers known as ASHA workers.

Guidelines for Implementation

Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY) under the overall umbrella of National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) is being proposed by way of modifying the existing National Maternity Benefit Scheme (NMBS). While NMBS is linked to provision of better diet for pregnant women from BPL families, JSY integrates the cash assistance with antenatal care during the pregnancy period, institutional care during delivery and immediate post-partum period in a health centre by establishing a system of coordinated care by field level health worker. The JSY would be a 100% centrally sponsored scheme.

  1. Vision

To reduce over all maternal mortality ratio and infant mortality rate, and w To increase institutional deliveries in BPL families.

  1. Target Group

All pregnant women belonging to the below poverty line (BPL) households and w of the age of 19 years or above w Up to two live births.